Fiber optic cables are widely considered the future of Internet connection. They provide high-speed connectivity for internet, cable and telephone connections. If fiber optic cabling is available in an area, you may see plenty of people suddenly interested in installing fiber optics in their homes or places of business. Whether you’re a professional in fiber optic cable installation or a home or facility owner interested in the process, it’s important to understand the fiber cable laying procedure and what it entails.

Before installing fiber optic cables, check that the capability is available in the area. You can easily determine this by contacting the local phone company. They can tell you if fiber optic is available in the area and where the nearest distribution box is located. To use fiber-optic service, the distribution box should be no more than a few hundred feet from the building.

Once you have determined availability, it’s time to start the process of installing fiber optic cables. The basic fiber to the home installation procedure works as follows:

  1. Lay cable to the building: Contact the phone company to notify them of the cable installation. From there, the technician can lay a cable from the local box to the home or facility. They will set up the cable to run to an optical network terminal on the side of the house. This box is the starting point from which the technician will set up the fiber-optic lines in the building.
  2. Plan cable layout: Get or create a blueprint for the home and plan out the fiber optic cable setup. Take note of any phones, televisions, computers or other devices that need to be connected to the fiber optic system. For home and business owners, this is also the time to check that your devices are compatible with fiber optic connections, as some older models are not.
  3. Clear installation area: Clear out the sections of the wall or ceiling where you are planning on running the fiber optic cable so that you can install inside the wall. This may involve coordinating with a contractor or other construction professional.
  4. Run cable and conduit: Once the plan and site are set up, the technician can start running the fiber optic cable from the optical network terminal through the house. The cable will be protected by rigid or flexible conduit.
  5. Connect to devices: As soon as the cable running process is complete, start testing the cable and connecting devices. Be sure to test connectivity as soon as possible to make sure the cable is working properly. Once you have determined that the cable is operating as intended, the construction crew can start installing new drywall to cover the new cable installations.

If you are a home or business owner interested in this process, it is highly recommended to work with a professional during this process unless you or your staff are experienced in fiber optic cable laying. Professionals are thoroughly trained in fiber optic cable laying procedures and can help you make appropriate decisions about cable layout and conduit selection.

We are going to talk about 10 tips for FTTH installation next time.